Introduction. After the collapse of the USSR, many ethnopolitical conflicts began to occur on the territory of the post-Soviet space. One of the most typical, but at the same time long-lasting and bloody is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. This article attempts to analyze the main reasons and prospects for the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Materials and methods. The methodological basis of the study was the paradigms of primordialism, constructivism and instrumentalism. The author relies on analytical articles and other sources of both domestic and foreign authors.
Results of the study. The study made it possible to identify the following main causes of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: historical, political, territorial, socio-economic, psychological, cultural, religious, civilizational, situational. There is also a conflict of identities in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Discussion. Ethnopolitical conflicts are the result of geopolitical, geoeconomic and geostrategic changes in the modern global world. Ethnicity is subject to the all-round influence of globalization. States whose ethnic structure was relatively stable are facing profound transformations. The collapse of the USSR led to the emergence of independent states on its territory, in which the ethnic factor plays a significant role. This led to many ethnopolitical conflicts in the territory of the post-Soviet space. One of the most typical, but at the same time one of the longest and bloodiest is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Conclusion. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict dates back to 1918, when this territory, inhabited by ethnic Armenians, was arbitrarily incorporated into Azerbaijan. In modern conditions, there is no solution to the conflict. It can be postponed until future times when the necessary conditions are ripe for this.
Key words: Karabakh war, ethnopolitical conflict, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, internalization of conflicts, conflicts in the post-Soviet space, Armenian-Azerbaijani war, genocide, discrimination.