Introduction. With its strong potential, China claims to be one of the leaders
in the international hydrogen market. The goal of the Chinese hydrogen economy is
to reduce dependence on foreign energy sources and increase the level of the co
untry’s energy security. The main objective of this article is to analyse the state of
hydrogen energy in China at the present stage and identify the prospects of coope
ration with Russia in this area.
Materials and methods. The methodological basis of the research includes
the following methods: theoretical, (study of scientific works), analytical, statistical
(study of statistical data on various parameters), comparative analysis and method
Results of the study. To achieve the stated goal, an analysis of Chinese energy
policy in recent years was carried out. It was determined that the main tasks of
the current stage are: comprehensive promotion of the development of hydrogen fuel
cells, hydrogen vehicles and hydrogen filling stations, as well as further raising
the status of hydrogen energy in the energy system; gradual improvement in the tech
nical performance of hydrogen energy, as well as the introduction of a plan to sub
sidize hydrogen vehicles.
Discussion. Russian Chinese cooperation in the field of hydrogen energy at
the present stage has not shown great results. China has obvious advantages in terms
of a deep understanding of the logic of the economic development of hydrogen en
ergy, the completeness of the production chain, accumulated experience and produc
tion technologies. For China, which is building ambitious plans for hydrogen con
sumption, which is difficult to provide with its own capacities, Russia could become
a reliable supplier.
Conclusion. At the present stage, the transition to alternative energy sources for
the PRC is a means to avoid energy risks. Hydrogen can help China in its ambitious
plans for decarbonization, for which it is necessary to strengthen and improve hyd
rogen energy standards, as well as expand international cooperation.
Key words: China, hydrogen energy, energy security, hydrogen fuel cells, Rus-
sian-Chinese cooperation, storage and transportation of hydrogen